Reference List

The following reference list details the references used both on this website and in Finlay, L. (2015). Relational Integrative Psychotherapy: Process and Theory in Practice, Chichester, Sussex: Wiley. I detail them here to honour the authors and celebrate the range and depth of their work.

Adams, M. (2014). The Myth of the Untroubled Therapist: Private Life, Professional Practice. Hove, Sussex: Routledge.

Ainsworth, M., Blehar, M.C., Waters, E. and Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of Attachment: A Psychological Study of the Strange Situation. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

American Psychiatric Association (2010). American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Patients with Major Depressive Disorder [3rd Edition). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Anderson, R. (2006). Body Intelligence Scale: Defining and measuring the intelligence of the body, The Humanistic Psychologist, 34(4), 357–367.

Anderson, R. (2007). Intuitive Inquiry: Five Cycles of Interpretation. Accessed October 2014 from:

Aron, L. (1996). A Meeting of Minds: Mutuality in Psychoanalysis. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

Ashworth et al (2004). PSYCHLOPS. Accessed June 2014 from:

Atwood, G.E. and Stolorow, R.D.(2014). Structures of Subjectivity: Explorations in Psychoanalytic Phenomenology and Contextualism, 2nd Edition. London: Routledge.

Axline, V. (1989). Play Therapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.

Barnett, L. and Madison, G. (2012)(Eds.). Existential Therapy: Legacy, Vibrancy and Dialogue. London: Routledge.

Barrett, J-J (2014). Outside the box: Bringing families into trauma treatment,  Psychotherapy Networker, May/June issue, 21-25.

Bateson, G. (1972). Steps to an Ecology of Mind. New York: Ballantine Books.

Baumeister, R. (1991). Meanings of Life. New York: Guilford Press.

Beck, A. T. (1967). Depression: Causes and Treatment. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Beck, A.T. (1976). Cognitive Therapy and Emotional Disorders. New York: International Universities Press.

Berne, E. (1961).Transactional Analysis in Psychotherapy: A Systematic Individual and Social Psychiatry. New York: Grove Press.

Berne, E.(1972). What do you Say after you Say Hello? London: Corgi.

Bertalanffy, L.van (1968). General System Theory: Foundations, Development, Applications. New York: Braziller.

Bion, W.R. (1959a). Second Thoughts. New York: Aronson.

Bion, W.R. (1959b). Experiences in Groups. New York: Basic books.

Bion, W.R. (1962). Learning from Experience. London: Heinemann.

Bion, W. R. (1974). Bion’s Brazilian Lectures 2. Rio de Janeiro: Imago Editora. [Reprinted in one volume London: Karnac Books 1990].

Bion, W.R. (2005). The Tavistock Seminars 1976-1979.  London: Karnac.

Bloom, D. (2012). Sensing animals/knowing persons: a challenge to some basic ideas in gestalt therapy. In T.Bar-Yoseph Levine (Ed.), Gestalt Therapy: Awareness in Theory and Practice. Hove, Sussex: Routledge.

Bohart, A.C. and Tallman, K. (1999). How Clients make Therapy Work: The Process of Active Self-healing. Washington, DC : American Psychological Association.

Bordin, E.S. (1979). The generalizability of the psychoanalytic concept of the working alliance, Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 16(3), 207-221.

Boswell, J.F., Nelson, D.L., Nordberg, S.S., McAleavey, A.A. and Castonguay, L.G. (2010). Competency in integrative psychotherapy: Perspectives on training and supervision, Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 47(1), 3-11.

Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and Loss: Vol. 1. New York: Basic Books.

Bowlby, J. (1988). A Secure Base. New York: Basic Books.

British Psychological Society. (2011) Response to the American Psychiatric Association: DSM-5 development. Accessed June 2014 from:

Brogan, M.M., Prochaska, J.O. and Prochaska, J.M. (1999). Predicting termination and continuation status in psychotherapy using the transtheoretical model, Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 36(2), 105-113.

Brown, R. and Stobart, K. (2008). Understanding Boundaries and Containment in Clinical Practice. London: Karnac Books.

Brown, J.,Dreis, S., and Nace,D. (1999).What really makes a difference in psychotherapy outcome? Why does managed care want to know? In M.Hubble, B. Duncan, and S.Miller (Eds.), The Heart and Soul of Change. Washington, DC: APA Press. (pp. 389–406).

Brownell, P. (2010). Gestalt Therapy: A Guide to Contemporary Practice. Springer: New York.

Buber, M. (1958).  I and Thou.   (R.G. Smith, Trans.). New York: Charles Cribner and Sons. (Original work published 1923)

Buber, M. (1965). The Knowledge of Man: A Philosophy of the Interhuman. Introduction by M.S. Friedman. (M.S.Friedman, & R.G.Smith, Trans.). New York: Harper & Row. (Original work published in 1951)

Burns, G.W. (2007)(Ed.). Healing Stories: Your Casebook Collection for using Therapeutic Metaphors. New Jersey: Wiley.

Cannon, B. (2012). Applied existential psychotherapy. Accessed August 2014 from:

Casement, P. (1985). On Learning from the Patient. London: Routledge.

Casement, P. (1990). Further learning from the Patient. London: Routledge.

Chidiac, M-A. and Denham-Vaughan, S. (2007). The process of presence: Energetic availability and fluid responsiveness, British Gestalt Journal, 16(1).

Chi Ting Connie Ng, and James, S. (2013). Counselor empathy or “Having a heart to help”? An ethnographic investigation of Chinese clients’ experience of counseling, The Humanistic Psychologist, 41(4), 333-349.

Clark, D. M., Salkovskis, P. M., Hackmann, A., Middleton, H., Anastasaides, P., and Gelder, M. (1994). A comparison of cognitive therapy, applied relaxation, and imipramine in panic disorder, British Journal of Psychiatry, 164, 759–769.

Clarkson, P.(1989). Gestalt Counselling in Action, 2nd Edition. London: Sage.

Clarkson, P. (2003). The Therapeutic Relationship, 2nd Edition.  London: Whurr Publishers.

Cooper, M. and McLeod, J. (2011). Pluralistic Counselling and Psychotherapy. Los Angeles: Sage.

Cooper, M. (2001). Embodied empathy. In: S.Haugh and T. Merry (Eds.), Empathy. Ross-on-Wye: PCCS Books.

Cooper, M.(2003). Existential Therapies. London: Sage.

Cooper, M. (2008). Essential Research Findings in Counselling and Psychotherapy: The Facts are Friendly. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

Crossley, D. and Stowell-Smith, M. (2000). Cognitive analytic therapy. In S.Palmer and R.Woolfe (Eds.), Integrative and Eclectic Counselling and Psychotherapy. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

Crossman, P.(1966). Permission and protection, Transactional Analysis Bulletin, 5(19), 152-154.

Dallos, R. (1991). Family Belief Systems, Therapy and Change. Buckingham: Open University Press.

Dallos, R. and Draper, R. (2010). An Introduction to Family Therapy: Systemic Theory and Practice, 3rd Edition. Maidenhead, Berks: Open University Press.

Damasio, A.(1999). The Feeling of what Happens: Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness. San Diego, CA: Harcourt.

Davidson, R.J., Kabat-Zinn, J. et al. (2003). Alterations in brain and immune function produced by mindfulness meditation, Psychosomatic Medicine, 65(4), 564-570.

Davies, J.M.(2012). Whose bad objects are we anyway? Repetition and our elusive love affair with evil. In: L.Aron and A.Harris (Eds.), Relational Psychoanalysis, Volume 5: Evolution of Process. New York: Routledge. (pp.163-181)

Denham-Vaughan, S. (2010). The liminal space and twelve action practices for gracious living, British Gestalt Journal, 19(2), 34-45.

Department of Health (2009). Accessed November 2014 from:–2.

Deurzen-Smith, E. van (1997). Everyday Mysteries: Existential Dimensions of Psychotherapy. London: Routledge.

Deurzen, E., van (2012). Existential Psychotherapy and Counselling in Practice, 3rd Edition, London: Sage.

Deurzen, E., van (2014). Existential perspectives on anger, The Psychotherapist, 58, 13-14.

Deurzen, E., van and Adams, M. (2011). Skills in Existential Counselling and Psychotherapy. Los Angeles: Sage.

DeYoung, P. A.(2003). Relational Psychotherapy: A Primer. New York: Brunner-Routledge.

du Plock, S. (2006). Bibliotherapy and Beyond. An Existential-Phenomenological Approach to Therapeutic Use of Narrative’. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, University of Middlesex.

Egan, G. (2010). The Skilled Helper: A problem Management and Opportunity Development Approach to Helping (9th Edition). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.

Elliot et al (1999).  The Simplified Personal Questionnaire Procedure. Accessed June 2014 from:

Ellis, A. (1973). Humanistic Psychotherapy: The Rational-emotive Approach. New York: Julian Press.

Ellis, A. (2000). Rational emotive behavior therapy. In R.J.Corsini and D.Wedding (Eds.), Current Psychotherapies. Itasca, IL: F.E.Peacock. (pp.168-204)

Ellis, C. (2007). Telling secrets, revealing lives: Relational ethics in research with intimate others, Qualitative Inquiry, 13, 3-29.

Erskine, R. G. (Ed.). (2010). Life Scripts: A Transactional Analysis of Unconscious Relational Patterns. London, England: Karnac.

Erskine, R.G. (1993). Enquiry, attunement, and involvement in the psychotherapy of dissociation.  Transactional analysis Journal, 23(4), 184-190. Accessed June 2014 from:

Erskine, R.G. (2014). Nonverbal stories: The body in psychotherapy. International Journal of Integrative Psychotherapy, 5(1), 21-33.

Erskine, R.G.(2011). Attachment, relational-needs, and psychotherapeutic presence. Accessed September 2014 from:

Erskine, R.G., Moursund, J.P. and Trautmann, R.L.(1999). Beyond Empathy: A Therapy of Contact-in-Relationship. London: Taylor & Francis.

Ersklne, R.G.(2015).  Relational Patterns, Therapeutic Presence: Concepts and Practice of Integrative Psychotherapy. London: Karnac.

Evans, K.R.and Gilbert, M.C. (2005). An Introduction to Integrative Psychotherapy. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Fairburn, W.R.D.(1952).  Psychoanalytical Studies of Personality. London:Routledge.

Faranda, F. (2014). Working with images in psychotherapy: An embodied experience of play and metaphor, Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 24(1), 65-77.

Faris, A. and van Ooijen, E.(2012). Integrative Counselling and Psychotherapy: A Relational Approach. London: Sage.

Finlay, L. (2004). The Practice of Psychosocial Occupational Therapy, 3rd Edition.  Cheltenham, Glocs.: Nelson Thornes.

Finlay, L.(2005). Reflexive embodied empathy: A phenomenology of participant-researcher intersubjectivity, The Humanistic Psychologist, 33, 271-292.

Finlay, L. (2008). A dance between the reduction and reflexivity: Explicating the “phenomenological psychological attitude”, Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 39, 1–32.

Finlay, L. (2011). Phenomenology for Therapists: Researching the Lived World. Chichester, Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.

Finlay, L. (2012). An existential-phenomenological approach to integrative psychotherapy, British Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 9(2), 17-32.

Finlay, L. (2013). Unfolding the phenomenological research process: Iterative stages of “seeing afresh”, Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 53(2), 172–201.

Finlay, L. (2014). Embodying research. Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies, 13(1), 4-18.

Finlay, L.(2015Forthcoming). Sensing and making sense: Embodying metaphor in relational-centred psychotherapy, The Humanistic Psychologist.

Finlay, L. and Evans, K. (2009). Relational-centred Research for Psychotherapists: Exploring Meanings and Experience.  Chichester, Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.

Finlay, L. and Evans, K.(2015Forthcoming).  Sensing and making sense: Embodying metaphor in relational-centred psychotherapy. In: J.Roubal, P. Brownell, G. Francesetti, J. Melnick, J. Zeleskov-Djoric (Eds.), Towards a Research Tradition in Gestalt Therapy.  Gestalt Research Press.

Finlay, L. and Gough, B. (Eds.)(2003). Reflexivity: A Practical Guide for Researchers in Health and Social Sciences. Oxford: Blackwell.

Flückiger, C., Wüsten, G., Zinbarg, R.E.and Wampold, B.E. (2010). Resource Activation: Using Clients’ own Strengths in Psychotherapy and Counseling. Cambridge, MA: Hogrefe & Huber.

Freud, S. (1958). The dynamics of transference. In J. Strachey (Ed. and Trans.), The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 12, pp.97-108). London: Hogarth Press. (Original work published 1912)

Fonagy, P.and Bateman, A. (2006). Mechanism of change in mentalization-based treatment of borderline personality disorder, Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62, 411-430.

Fortune, A. E. (1987). Grief only? Client and social worker reactions to termination, Clinical Social Work Journal, 15, 159-171.

Friedman, M. (1985). Healing through meeting and the problematic of mutuality, Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 25(1), 7-40.

Gebler, F.A.and Maercker, A. (2014). Effects of including an existential perspective in a cognitive-behavioral program for chronic pain: A clinical trial with 6 months follow-up, The Humanistic Psychologist, 42, 155-171.

Gelso, C.J.and Harbin, J. (2007). Insight, action, and the therapeutic relationship. In L. G. Castonguay and C. E.Hill (Eds.), Insight in Psychotherapy. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. (pp. 9–29)

Gelso, C.J. (2011). The Real Relationship in Psychotherapy: The Hidden Foundation of Change. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Gendlin, E.T. (1996). Focusing-oriented Psychotherapy: A Manual of the Experiential Method. New York: Guilford Press.

Gendlin, E.T. (online source). Accessed October 2012 from:

Gibertoni, Sena (2013). An occupational therapy perspective on Freud, Klein and Bion.  In L.Nicholls, J.C.Piergrossi, Gibertoni, S. and Daniel, M.A. (Eds.), Psychoanalytic Thinking in Occupational Therapy: Symbolic, Relational and Transformative. Chichester, Sussex: Wiley.

Gilbert, M.and Evans, K. (2000). Psychotherapy Supervision: An Integrative Relational Approach. Buckingham: Open University.

Gilbert, M.and Orlans, V. (2011). Integrative Therapy: 100 Key Points and Techniques. London: Routledge.

Goulding, M.M. and Goulding, R.L.(1979). Changing Lives through Redecision Therapy. New York: Grove Press.

Gravell, L. (2010). The counselling psychologist as therapeutic ‘container’, Counselling Psychology Review, 25(2), 28-33.

Greenberg, E. (1999). Love, admiration, or safety: A system of gestalt diagnosis of borderline, narcissistic, and schizoid adaptations that focuses on what is figure for the client. In M.Spagnuolo Lobb (Ed.), Studies in Gestalt Therapy, No. 8, 1999, Ragusa-Siracusa-Italy. Accessed June 2014 from:

Greenberg, J., and Mitchell, S. (1983).  Object relations in Psychoanalytic Theory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Greenberg, L. (2014). The therapeutic relationship in emotion-focused therapy, Psychotherapy, 51(3), 350-357.

Greenberg, L.S., Rice, L.N. and Elliott, R. (1993). Facilitating Emotional Change: The Moment-by-moment Process. New York: The Guilford Press.

Gutheil, T.G. and Gabbard, G.O. (1993). The concept of boundaries in clinical practice: Theoretical and risk-management dimensions, American Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 188-196.

Hackmann, A., Bennett-Levy, J.and Holmes, E.A.(2011). Oxford Guide to Imagery in Cognitive Therapy.  Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Haggett, B.A.(2012). The Lived Experience of Motherhood: A Personal Exploration. PhD Dissertation, Saybrook University, CA.

Halling, S. and Nill, J.D.(1995). A Brief History of Existential – Phenomenological Psychiatry and psychotherapy, Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 26(1):1-45.

Hargaden, H. (2013). Building resilience: The role of firm boundaries and the Third in relational group therapy, Transactional Analysis Journal, 43(4), 284-290.

Hart, T. (1999). The refinement of empathy, The Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 39(4), 111–125.

Hargaden, H. and Sills, C.(2002). Transactional Analysis: A Relational Perspective. London: Routledge.

Heatherington, L, Friedlander, M.L., Diamond, G.M., Escudero, V. and Pinsof, W.M. (2014).

25 years of systemic therapies research: Progress and promise, Psychotherapy Research.

Heidegger, M. (1962). Being and Time (Trans. J.Macquarrie and E.Robinson). Oxford: Blackwell. (Originally published 1927)

Heron, J. (2001). Helping the Client: A Creative Practical Guide, 5th Edition. London: Sage.

Hinshelwood, R.D. (1987).  What Happens in Groups. London: Free Association Books.

Hoffman, I.Z. (1998). Ritual and Spontaneity in the Psychoanalytic Process: A Dialectical Constructivist View. Hillsdale, N.J.: The Analytic Press.

Hofmann, S.G. (2011). An Introduction to Modern CBT: Psychological Solutions to Mental Health Problems. Chichester, Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.

Homeyer, L.E. and Sweeney, D.S. (2010). Sandtray Therapy: A Practical Manual, 2nd Edition. New York: Routledge.

Horvath, A. and Symonds, B. (1991). Relation between working alliance and outcome in psychotherapy: A meta-analysis, Journal of Counseling Psychology, 38, 139-149.

Horvath, A. and Bedi, R.P. (2002). The alliance. In J.C. Norcross (Ed.), Psychotherapy Relationships that Work. New York: Oxford University Press. (pp.37-69)

Horvath, A.O., Delre, A.C., Flückinger, C.and Symonds, D. (2011). Alliance in individual psychotherapy, Psychotherapy, 48, 9-16.

Hovarth, A.O. and Bedi, R.P (2002). The alliance. In J.C.Norcross (Ed.), Psychotherapy relationships that work: Therapist Contributions and Responsiveness to Patients. New York: Oxford University Press.

Hubble, M.A., Duncan, B.L.and Miller, S.D. (1999) (Eds.). The Heart and Soul of Change: What works in Therapy. Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

Husserl, E. (1970). The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Philosophy, Carr, D., trans. Evanston: Northwestern University Press. Originally published 1936.

Hycner, R. (1993). Between Person and Person: Toward a Dialogical Psychotherapy. Highland, NY: The Gestalt Journal Press.

Hycner, R.and Jacobs, L.(1995). The healing relationship in gestalt therapy: A dialogic/self psychology approach. Highland, NY: Gestalt Journal Press.

Institute for Integrative Psychotherapy. Accessed November 2014 from: .

Israelstam, K. (1988/2003). Contrasting four major family therapy paradigms: Implications for family therapy training,  Journal of Family Therapy, 10(20). Accessed November 2014 from:

Jackson, D. (1957). The question of family homeostasis, The Psychiatric Quarterly Supplement, 31, 79-90.

Jacobs, L. (1991). The therapist as ‘other’: The patient’s search for relatedness. Conference presentation: Martin Buber’s contribution to the humanities. Accessed September 2014 from:

Johnson, S.M. (2009). Attachment theory and emotionally focused therapy for individuals and couples: Perfect partners.  In J.H.Obegi & E.Berant (Eds.) Attachment Theory and Research in Clinical Work. New York: Guildford Press.

Jorm, A.F., Medway, J., Christensen, H., Korten, A.E., Jacomb, P.A.andRodgers, B. (2000). Public beliefs about the helpfulness of interventions for depression: Effects on actions taken when experiencing anxiety and depression symptoms, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 34, 619-626.

Joyce, A. S., Piper, W. E., Ogrodniczuk, J. S. and Klein, R. H. (2007). Termination in Psychotherapy: A Psychodynamic Model of Processes and Outcomes. Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

Joyce, P.and Sills, C. (2014). Skills in Gestalt counselling and Psychotherapy, 3rd Edition.  London: Sage.

Jung C. G.(1953). Psychological reflections; an anthology of the writings of C.G. Jung. (J. Jacobi, Ed.). New York: Pantheon Books.

Jung, C.G. (1931). The aims of psychotherapy, in The Practice of Psychotherapy, Collected Works 16. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Jung, C.G. (1964/1970). The Meaning of Psychology for Modern Man, in Civilization in Transition (Collected Works 10). Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Jung, C.G. (1968). Psychology and Alchemy (Collected Works 12). Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Karpman, S. (1968). Fairy tales and script drama analysis, Transactional Analysis Bulletin, 7(26), 39-43.

Karpman, S.B (2014). A Game Free Life. San Francisco, CA: Drama Triangle Publications.

Kazantzis, N., Whittington, C., and Dattilio, F. (2010). Meta-analysis of homework effects in cognitive and behavioral therapy: A replication and extension, Clinical Psychology Science and Practice, 17, 144-156.

Kelly, K.E. (2007). Mindfulness-based and Cognitive-Behaviour Therapy for Anger Management: An Integrated Approach. PCOM Psychology Dissertations, Paper 68.

Kemp, R. (2009). The lived-body of drug addiction, Existential Analysis, 20(1), 120-130.

Kepner, J. (2003). The embodied field, British Gestalt Journal, 12(1), 6–14.

King, N., Finlay, L., Ashworth, P., Smith, J.A., Langdridge, D. and Butt, T. (2008). “Can’t really trust that, so what can I trust?”: A polyvocal, qualitative analysis of the psychology of mistrust, Qualitative Research in Psychology, 5, 80-102.

Klein, M. (1952). The origins of transference, International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 33,433-438.

Kohut, H. (1984). How does analysis Cure? Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Krüger, A.(2007).An introduction to the ethics of gestalt research with informants, European Journal for Qualitative Research in Psychotherapy, 2, 17-22.

Lacey, H. (1983). An outpatient treatment program for bulimia nervosa, International Journal of Eating Disorders, 2(4), 209-214.

Laing, R.D. (1969). Self and Others, 2nd Edition. New York: Pantheon Books.

Lakoff, G.and Johnson, M. (1980). Metaphors we Live by. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Lambert, M.J. (1992). Implications of outcome research for psychotherapy integration. In J.C. Norcross & M.R. Goldfried (Eds.), Handbook of Psychotherapy Integration, New York: Basic. (pp. 94-129)

Lamprecht, L. (2013). Therapeutic letter writing as relationally responsive practice: Experiences of clients receiving letters during therapy. Paper/workshop presentation at the international conference: The Challenge of Establishing a Research Tradition for Gestalt Therapy, Cape Cod, MA,  April 17-20.

Lapworth, P. and Sills, C. (2010). Integration in Counselling & Psychotherapy: Developing a Personal Approach, 2nd Edition. Los Angeles: Sage.

Leff, J., Vearnals, S., Brevin, C.R., Wolff, G., Alexander, B., Asen, K., Dayson, D., Jones, E., Chisholm, D. and Everitt, B. (2000). The London Depression Intervention Trial. Randomised control trial of antidepressants vs couple therapy in the treatment and maintenance for people with depression living with a critical partner: clinical outcome and costs, British Journal of Psychiatry, 177, 95-100.

Levine, J. and Bar-Yoseph Levine, T. (2012). Gestalt in the new age. In T.Bar-Yoseph Levine (Ed.) Gestalt Therapy: Awareness in Theory and Practice. Hove, Sussex: Routledge.

Lewin, K. (1952). Field theory in social science: Selected theoretical papers by Kurt Lewin (D. Cartwright, Ed.) London: Tavistock. Original publication 1947.

Lingis, A. (2007). Contact: Tact and caress, Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 38, 1–6.

Linehan, M.M.(1993). Cognitive-behavioural Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder. London: Guildford Press.

Lopes, R.T., Goncalves, M.M., Machado, P.P.P., Sinai, D., Bento, T. and Salgado, J. (2014). Narrative therapy vs cognitive-behavioral therapy for moderate depression: Empirical evidence from a controlled clinical trial, Psychotherapy Research, 24(6), 662-674.

Luborsky, L. Singer, B. and Luborsky, L. (1975). Comparative Studies of Psychotherapy: Is it true that everyone has won and all will have prizes?, Archives of General Psychiatry, 32, 995-1008.

Main, M.and Solomon, J. (1990). Procedures for identifying infants as disorganized/disoriented during the Ainsworth strange situation. In Greenberg, M. T., Cicchetti, D., & Cummings, M. (Eds.), Attachment in the Preschool Years: Theory, Research, and Intervention. The University of Chicago Press: Chicago. (pp. 121-160)

Markin, R.D. (2014). Toward a common identity for relationally oriented clinicians: A place to hang one’s hat, Psychotherapy, 51(3), 327-333.

Marx, J. A.and Gelso, C. J. (1987). Termination of individual counseling in a university counseling center, Journal of Counseling Psychology, 34, 3-9.

Maslow, A. (1954). Motivation and Personality. New York, NY: Harper.

Masterson, J. (1976). Psychotherapy of the Borderline Adult: A Developmental Approach. New York: Brunner/Mazel.

May, R. (1983). The Discovery of Being: Writings in Existential Psychology. New York: Norton.

McCullough, J.P. (2005). Cognitive behavioural analysis system of psychotherapy (CBASP) for chronic depression. In J.C.Norcross and M.R.Goldfried (Eds.), Handbook of Psychotherapy Integration, 2nd Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (pp.281-298)

McNeel, J.R. (1976). The parent interview, Transactional Analysis Journal, 6, 61-68.

McGown, L. (2013). Reaching into the relational unconscious: Integrating spontaneous mental imagery into clinical practice, The British Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 10(2), 21-32.

McGuire-Bouwman, K. (2006). ‘Caring confrontation’ in experiential psychotherapy. Creative edge focusing. Downloaded from:,  July, 2014.

McNeel, J.R.(1976). The parent interview, Transactional Analysis Journal, 6(1), 61-68.

Mearns, D., and Cooper, M. (2005). Working at Relational Depth in Counselling and Psychotherapy. London: Sage.

Merleau-Ponty, M. (1968). The Visible and the Invisible (A. Lingis, Trans.). Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press. (Original work published in 1964)

Messer, S., and McWilliams, N. (2007). Insight in psychodynamic therapy: Theory and assessment. In L. G. Castonguay & C. E.Hill (Eds.), Insight in Psychotherapy. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. (pp. 9–29)

Miller, S.D. and Duncan, B.L. (2000). The Outcome Rating Scale. Chicago: Authors.

Miller, S.D., Duncan, B.L. and Hubble, M.A. (2005). Outcome-informed clinical work. In J.C.Norcross & M.R.Goldfried (Eds.), Handbook of Psychotherapy Integration, 2nd Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Miller, S.D., Duncan, B.L., Brown, R., Sorrel, G.S., and Chalk, M.B. (2006). Using outcome to inform therapy practice, Journal of Brief Therapy, 5(1), 5-22.

Miller, S.D., Duncan, B.L., Johnson, L.D., and Hubble, M.A. (2002).  Why the field of therapy is on the verge of extinction and what we can do to save it.  In J.K. Zeig (ed).  Brief Therapy: Lasting impressions.   Phoenix, AZ: Zeig/Tucker Publishers. (pp.208-230)

Minuchin, K.S. and Fishman, H.C. (1961). Family Therapy Techniques.  Boston: Harvard University Press.

Minuchin, S. (1974). Families and Family Therapy. Boston: Harvard University Press.

Mitchell, S.A. (2000). Relationality: From Attachment to Intersubjectivity. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

Mitchell, S.A.and Aron, L. (1999). Relational Psychoanalysis: The Emergence of a Tradition. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

Moreno, J.L.(1946). Psychodrama. New York: Beacon House.

Moreno, J. L. (with Fox, J.) (1987). The Essential Moreno: Writings on Psychodrama, Group Method and Spontaneity.  Springer.

Moursund, J.P. and Erskine, R.G. (2004). Integrative Psychotherapy: the Art and Science of Relationship. Victoria, Australia: Thomson/Brooks Cole.

Murdin, L. (2000). How much is Enough?: Endings in Psychotherapy and Counselling. London: Routledge.

Nevis, E.C. (1983). Evocative and provocative modes of influence in the implementation of change, Gestalt Journal, 6(2), 5-12.

NICE: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (2009). Depression: Management of depression in primary and secondary care. London: Author.

Nolan, P. (2012). Therapist and Client: A Relational Approach to Psychotherapy. Chichester, Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.

Norcross, J. C. & Goldfried, M. R. (Eds.)(2005). Handbook of Psychotherapy Integration (2nd edition). New York: Oxford.

Norcross, J. C. (2005). A primer on psychotherapy integration. In J. C. Norcross & M. R. Goldfried (Eds.), Handbook of Psychotherapy Integration (2nd edition). New York: Oxford. (pp. 3–23)

Norcross, J.C.(2011). Psychotherapy Relationships that Work: Evidence-based Responsiveness (2nd Edition).  New York, NY: Oxford University.

Norcross, J.C., Santrock, J.W., Campbell, L.F., Smith, T.S., Sommer, R. and Zuckerman, E.L. (2003). Authoritative Guide to Self-help Resources in Mental Health (2nd edition). New York: Guilford.

Norcross, J.W. (2006). Integrating self-help into psychotherapy: 16 practical suggestions, Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, Vol. 37(6), 683-693.

O’Brien, M. & Houston, G. (2007). Integrative Therapy: A Practitioner’s Guide, 2nd Edition. Los Angeles: Sage.

Ogden, T.H. (1997). Reverie and metaphor: Some thoughts on how I work as a psychoanalyst. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 78, 719-732.

Ogden, T.H. (2004). On holding and containing, being and dreaming,  International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 85, 1349-1364.

Omylinska-Thurston, J. and Cooper, M. (2014). Helpful processes in psychological therapy for patients with primary cancers: A qualitative study, Counselling and Psychotherapy Research: Linking Research with Practice, 14(2), 84-92.

Orbach, S. (2012). Susie Orbach on psychoanalysis. .

Orbach, S. (interviewed by S.Serning) (2014). Psychoanalytic perspectives on anger, The Psychotherapist, Issue 58, 17-18.

Orlinksy, D.E., Graw, K., and Parks, B.K. (1994). Process and outcome in psychotherapy – noch einmal. In A.E. Bergin & S.L.Garfield (Eds.), Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behaviour Change (4th edition). New York: Wiley. (pp. 270-378)

Palmer, S.and Woolfe, R. (2000). Integrative and Eclectic Counselling and Psychotherapy.  Los Angeles: Sage.

Paul, S.and Pelham, G. (2000). A relational approach to therapy. In Palmer, S. & Woolfe, R.(Eds.), Integrative and Eclectic Counselling and Psychotherapy. London, Sage. (pp.110-126)

Paul, S.and Charura, D. (2015). An Introduction to the Therapeutic Relationship in Counselling and Psychotherapy. Los Angeles: Sage.

Pearmain, R. (2001). The Heart of Listening: Attentional Qualities in Psychotherapy. London: Continuum.

Pekarik, G. (1992). Relationship of clients’ reasons for dropping out of treatment to outcome and satisfaction, Journal of Clinical Psychology, 48(1), 91-98.

Perls, F.S. (1969). Ego, Hunger and Aggression: a Revision of Freud’s Theory and Method. Highland, NY: Gestalt Journal Press. (Originally published 1947)

Perls, F.S., Herfferline, R. and Goodman, P. (1951). Gestalt Therapy: Excitement and Growth in the Human Personality. New York: Julian Press.

Philippson, P.(2012). Gestalt Therapy: Roots and Branches- Collected Papers. Karnac.

Piper, W.E., Ogrodniczuk, J.S., Joyce, A.S., McCallum, M., Rosie, J.S., O’Kelly, J.G. et al. (1999). Prediction of dropping out in time-limited, interpretive individual psychotherapy. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 36(2): 114-122.

Pollio, H.R., Barlow, J.M., Fine, H.J., and Pollio, M.R. (1977). Psychology and the Poetics of Growth: Figurative Language in Psychology, Psychotherapy, and Education. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Polster, E. and Polster, M. (1973). Gestalt Therapy Integrated: Contours of Theory and Practice.  New York: Random House.

Prochaska, J.O.and DiClemente, C.C.(2005).The transtheoretical approach. In J. C. Norcross & M. R. Goldfried (Eds.), Handbook of Psychotherapy Integration (2nd edition). New York: Oxford. (pp.147-171)

Puddicombe, A. (2011). Get some Headspace: 10 minutes can make all the Difference.  London: Hodder.

Quintana, S. M., and Holahan, W. (1992). Termination in short-term counseling: Comparison of successful and unsuccessful cases, Journal of Counseling Psychology, 39, 299-305.

Rabu, M., Haavind, H. and Binder, P-E. (2013). We have travelled a long distance and sorted out the mess in drawers: Metaphors for moving towards the end in psychotherapy, Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 13(1), 71-80.

Racker, H. (1968). Transference and Countertransference. New York: International Universities Press.

Rasussen, B. and Angus, L. (1996). Metaphor in psychodynamic psychotherapy with borderline and non-borderline clients: A qualitative analysis, Psychotherapy, 33(4), 521-530.

Reider, N. (1972). Metaphor as interpretation, International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 53, 463-469.

Robbins, B.(2011). Accessed June 2014 from:

Roe, D., Dekel, R., Harel, G., and Fennig, S.(2006). Clients’ reasons for terminating psychotherapy: A quantitative and qualitative inquiry, Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, and Practice, 29, 529-538.

Rogers, C.R. (1951). Client-centered Therapy: Its current Practice, Implications and Theory. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Rogers, C.R. (1980). Way of Being. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Romanyshyn, R.D. (2001). Mirror and metaphor: Images and Stories of Psychological Life. Pittsburgh, PA: Trivium. (originally published in 1982 as Psychological life: From Science to Metaphor)

Romanyshyn, R.D. (2006). Therapy and the Theater of Soul: The Drama of Performance. Keynote Address: New Zealand Association of Psychotherapy, Feb. 23-26,2006. Accessed July 2014 from:

Romanyshyn, R. (2007). The Wounded Researcher: Research with Soul in Mind. New Orleans, LA: Spring Journal.

Rothschild, B. (2000). The Body Remembers: the Psychophysiology of Trauma and Trauma Treatment. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.

Rothschild, B. (2003). The Body Remembers Casebook: Unifying Methods and Models in the Treatment of Trauma and PTSD. New York: WW Norton & Co.

Roubal, J., Gecele, M. and Francesetti, G. (2013). Gestalt therapy approach to diagnosis. In G.Francesetti, M.Gecele & J.Roubal (Eds.), Gestalt Therapy in Clinical Practice: From Psychopathology to the Aesthetics of Contact. Siracusa, Italy: Instituto di Gestalt.

Roubal, J., Brownell, P., Francesetti, J., Melnick, J. and Zeleskov-Djoric (Eds.)(forthcoming2015). Towards a Research Tradition in Gestalt Therapy. Gestalt Research Press.

Rowan, J. (1993). The transpersonal in psychotherapy and counselling. Inside out Issue 13. Accessed July 2014 from:

Rowan, J. (2002). Three levels of empathy, Self & Society, 30(4), 20–27.

Rowan, J. (2001). Existential analysis and humanistic psychotherapy.  In K.J.Schneider, J.F.T.Bugental & J.F.Pierson (Eds.), The Handbook of Humanistic Psychology: Leading Edges in Theory, Research, and Practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. (pp.447-464).

Rowan, J. (1990). Subpersonalities: The People Inside Us. London: Routledge.

Ruppert, F. (2008). Trauma, Bonding & Family Constellations: Understanding and Healing Injuries of Soul. Frome, Somerset: Green Balloons Publishing.

Ryle, A. (1990). Cognitive Analytic Therapy: Active Participation in Change. Chichester: John Wiley.

Sabel, V. (2012). The Blossom Method. London: Vermilion.

Sartre, J.-P. (1969). Being and Nothingness (Trans. H. Barnes). London: Routledge. Originally published in 1943

Schneider, K.J. (2008). Existential-integrative Psychotherapy: Guideposts to the Core of Practice. New York: Routledge.

Schneider, K. (2010). Accessed December 2014 from:

Schneider, K.J., and May, R. (1995). The Psychology of Existence: An Integrative, Clinical Perspective. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Schore, A.N. (1994). Affect Regulation and the Origin of the Self: The Neurobiology of Emotional Development. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Schore, A.N. (2001). The Effects of a Secure Attachment Relationship on Right Brain Development, Affect Regulation, & Infant Mental Health. Accessed June 2014 from:

Schore, A.N. (2012). The Science of the Art of Psychotherapy. New York: Norton.

Seligman, M.E.P., Park, N., Peterson, C., and Steen, T.A. (2005). Positive psychology progress: Empirical validation of interventions, American Psychologist, 60(5), 410-421.

Sena Gibertoni, (2013). An occupational therapy perspective on Freud, Klein and Bion. In Nicholls, L., Piergrossi, J.C., Sena Gibertoni, and Daniel, M. (Eds.) Psychoanalytic Thinking in Occupational Therapy. Chichester, Sussex: Wiley.

Shapiro, F. (2001). Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: Basic Principles, Protocols and Procedures (2nd edition.). New York: Guilford Press.

Sharp, E.F. (1940). Psycho-physical problems revealed in language: An examination of metaphor, International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 21, 201-213.

Shonin, E., Van Gordon, W. and Griffiths, M.D. (2014).  Mindfulness in psychology – a breath of fresh air?  The Psychologist, 28(1), 28-31.

Sills, C., Lapworth, P. and Desmond, B. (2012). An introduction to Gestalt. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

Sills, M. (2014). Toward a compassionate understanding of anger in our human condition, The Psychotherapist, Issue 58, 15-16.

Simms, E.M. (2008).  The child in the world: Embodiment, Time and Language in early Childhood.  Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press.

Skårderud, F. (2007). Eating one’s words, Part II: the embodied mind and reflective function in anorexia nervosa—theory. European Eating Disorders Review, 15, 243–252.

Smith, E.W.L., Clance, P.R. and Imes, S.(1996)(Eds.). Touch in Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice. New York: Guildford Press.

Spinelli, E. (1994). Demystifying Therapy. London: Constable.

Spinelli, E. (2007). Practising Existential Therapy: The Relational World. Los Angeles: Sage.

Spinelli, E. (2015). Practising Existential Therapy: The Relational World, 2nd Edition. London: Sage.

Stern, D. N. (1985). The Interpersonal World of the Infant. New York: Basic Books.

Stern, D.N. (2003). The Interpersonal World of the Human Infant: A View from Psychoanalysis and Developmental Psychology (2nd edition). London: Karnac.

Stern, D.N. (2004).  The Present Moment in Psychotherapy and Everyday Life. New York: Norton.

Stern, P. (1972). In praise of Madness. New York: Norton.

Stewart, I. (2014). Transactional Analysis Counselling in Action, 4th Edition.  Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

Stewart, I. and Joines, V. (1987). TA Today: A New Introduction to Transactional Analysis, 2nd Edition.  Nottingham: LifeSpace Publishing.

Stolorow, R.D. (2011). World, Affectivity, Trauma: Heidegger and post-Cartesian Psychoanalysis. New York: Routledge.

Stolorow, R.D. and Atwood, G.E.(1992). Contexts of Being. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.

Stolorow, R., Atwood, G. and Branchaft, B. (Eds.)(1997). The Intersubjective Perspective. Northvale, N.J.: Jason Aronson.

Stratton, P. (2011). The evidence base of systemic family and couples therapies. Accessed December 2014 from:

Stricker, G. and Gold, J. (2005). Assimilative psychodynamic psychotherapy.  In J. C. Norcross & M. R. Goldfried (Eds.), Handbook of Psychotherapy Integration (2nd edition, pp.221-240). New York: Oxford.

Summers, G. and Tudor, K. (2000). Cocreative transactional analysis. Accessed December 2014 from:

Todres, L.A.(1990). The rhythm of psychotherapeutic attention: A training model, Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 21(1), 32 – 45.

Todres, L. (2007). Embodied Enquiry: Phenomenological Touchstones for Research, Psychotherapy and Spirituality. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave Macmillan.

Todres, L. and Galvin, K. (2010). “Dwelling-mobility”: an existential theory of well-being. International Journal of Qualitative Studies of Health and Well-being, 5(3). Accessed June 2014 from:

Totton, N. (2010/2012).Embodied relationship: Entering the new paradigm. Accessed September 2014 from:

Totton, N. (2013). Boundaries and boundlessness. British Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy. Accessed September 2014 from

Tronick, E. (2009). Still face experiment. Accessed August 2014 from:

Tudor, K. (1995). What do you say about saying good-bye?: Ending psychotherapy,  Transactional Analysis Journal, 25, 228-233.

van den Berg, J.H. (1972). A Different Existence: Principles of Phenomenological Psychopathology. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press.

Van Gennep, A. (1960). The Rites of Passage. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

van Manen, M. (2002). The Heuristic Reduction: Wonder. Accessed November 2007 from:

Vedder, B. (2002). On the meaning of metaphor in Gadamer’s hermeneutics, Research in Phenomenology, 32, 196-209.

Vostanis, Pl, Burnham, J. and Harris, Q. (1992). Changes of expressed emotion in systemic family therapy, Journal of Family Therapy, 14(1), 15-27.

Wachtel, P. (2014). An integrative relational point of view. Psychotherapy, 51(3), 342-349.

Wallin, D.J. (2007). Attachment in Psychotherapy. New York, New York: Guildford Press.

Wampold, B. E., Mondin, G. W., Moody, M., Stich, F., Benson, K., and Ahn, H. (1997). A meta-analysis of outcome studies comparing bona fide psychotherapies: Empirically, “all must have prizes.” Psychological Bulletin, 122, 203-215.

Wertz, F. (2005). Phenomenological research methods for counseling psychology, Journal of Counseling Psychology, 167-177.

Westbrook, D., Kennerley, H. and Kirk, J. (2011). An Introduction to Cognitive Behaviour Therapy: Skills and Applications, 2nd Edition.  London: Sage.

Whitaker, D.S. (1985). Using Groups to Help People.  London: Tavistock/Routledge.

Wierzbicki, M. and Pekarik, G. (1993). A meta-analysis of psychotherapy dropout, Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 24(2), 190-1995.

Wiggins, S. (2013). Assessing relational depth: Developing the Relational Depth Inventory. In R.Knox, D.Murphy, S.Wiggins & M.Cooper (Eds.), Relational Depth: New Perspectives and Developments. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

Winnicott, D.W. (1953). Transitional objects and transitional phenomena; a study of the first not-me possession. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 34(2):89–97.

Winnicott, D.W. (1971). Playing and Reality. New York: Basic Books.

Wolf, E. (1988). Treating the Self: Elements of Clinical Self Psychology. New York: Guilford Press.

Wong, M. (2008). Impact of intergenerational differences on Chinese Americans in family therapy: A qualitative study. Dissertation: Texas Woman’s University.

Yalom, I.D. (1980). Existential Psychotherapy. New York: Basic Books.

Yalom, I.D. (1985). The Theory and Practice of Group Psychotherapy. New York: Basic Books.

Yalom, I.D. (1989). Love’s Executioner, London: Penguin.

Yalom, I.D. (2001/2003). The Gift of Therapy: An Open Letter to a new Generation of Therapists and their Patients. London: Piatkus. (Revised and updated edition)

Yontef, G.M. (1979). Gestalt therapy: Clinical phenomenology. The Gestalt Journal, 2(1), 27-45.

Yontef, G.M. (1988). Assimilating diagnostic and psychoanalytic perspectives into Gestalt therapy. Gestalt Journal, 11(1), 5-32.

Yontef, G. M. (1993). Awareness, Dialogue, and Process: Essays in Gestalt Therapy. Highland, NY: the Gestalt Journal Press.

Zinker, J. (1978). Creative Process in Gestalt Therapy.  New York: Vintage Books.